DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES EXPLAINED, WHAT IS CEREBRAL PALSY
A developmental disability (DD) is any number of congenital (from birth) physical, learning, language, and behavior conditions. DD impairs daily functioning such as speaking, walking, and motor coordination. Although the symptom severity can improve overtime, these conditions last the person’s lifetime. Because DD occurs before and during the developmental period, symptoms may go unnoticed until delays meeting developmental milestones are noticed. Keep in mind, that everyone develops at a different pace, but developmental milestones provide a general indicator of what skills children “should” have by certain age. For example, typically by 6 months a baby should be able to roll in both directions, respond to their own name, and place things in their mouth.
The CDC offers a pretty good list of milestones. CLICK HERE to take a look, after you read the rest of this article 😉
Cerebral palsy explained
Cerebral (brain) palsy (paralysis and/or involuntary tremors), or CP, is a neurological developmental disability that impacts coordination and how the body moves. Symptoms can include
- lack of muscle coordination when performing voluntary movements (ataxia);
- stiff or tight muscles and exaggerated reflexes (spasticity);
- weakness in one or more arm or leg;
- walking on the toes, a crouched gait, or a “scissored” gait;
- variations in muscle tone, either too stiff or too floppy;
- excessive drooling or difficulties swallowing or speaking;
- shaking (tremor) or random involuntary movements;
- delays in reaching motor skill milestones; and
- difficulty with precise movements such as writing or buttoning a shirt (National Institute of Neurological Disorders, 2019.)
CLICK HERE to learn more about CP. You will also find a very handy glossary to help you with some of the more complex terminology.
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