Dyslexia defined

Jun 24, 18 Dyslexia defined
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I read therefore I am

Switching letters in a word or reading word backwards is not all there is to dyslexia. In fact, the way dyslexia is portrayed in movies and television is not how the learning disability looks in real life. You’ve seen characters read the word “hungry” like “hnugry”, or some variation of that. Well, that’s not exactly the case. According to the Mayo Clinic

Dyslexia is a learning disability that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.

Signs and symptoms

Dyslexia symptoms look different at different stages in life but can be treated with additional supports and special education services. Here’s what to look for

Before  your child enters school

  • Late talking
  • Problems forming words correctly, such as reversing sounds in words or confusing words that sound alike
  • Problems remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors

During school years

  • Reading well below the expected level for age
  • Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears
  • Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions
  • Problems remembering the sequence of things

Teens and adults with dyslexia

  • Mispronouncing names or words, or problems retrieving words
  • Trouble understanding jokes or expressions that have a meaning not easily understood from the specific words (idioms), such as “piece of cake” meaning “easy”
  • Difficulty memorizing
  • Difficulty doing math problems

Click here to see a more detailed list of symptoms and description.

If you think you or your child has dyslexia, a learning disability, or a reading disability reach out to your child’s teacher or a speech therapist to make testing arrangements.


 

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External resources

International Dyslexia Association

Disability Scoop

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance

Mayo Clinic

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